The fortress was established by Peter the Great on May 16. 1703. on small Hare Island by the north bank of the Neva River, the last upstream island of the Neva delta. Built at the height of the Northern War in order to protect the projected capital from a feared Swedish counterattack, the fort never fulfilled its martial purpose. The citadel was completed with six bastions in earth and timber within a year, and it was rebuilt in stone from 1706-1740.
From around 1720, the fort served as a base for the city garrison and also as a prison for high ranking or political prisoners. The Trubetskoy bastion, rebuilt in the 1870s, became the main prison block. The first person to escape from the fortress prison was the anarchist Prince Peter Kropotkin in 1876. Other people incarcerated in the “Russian Bastille” include Shneur Zalman of Liadi, Tsarevich Alexis, Artemy Volynsky, Tadeusz Kościuszko, Alexander Radishchev, the Decembrists, Grigory Danilevsky, Fyodor Dostoevsky, Mikhail Bakunin, Nikolai Chernyshevsky and Josip Broz Tito.
Saw, hanging from the right, exercised the most terrible and painful death. Better than it was death. Executioners sawed convicted, suspended upside down on the perineum. Legs were poor attachment to the two pillars. Who was executed so scary? Pedophiles, homosexuals, and sometimes witches.
“Fork heretic” tightly fastened to the neck strap. Instrument was used in judicial proceedings on charges of heresy and witchcraft. It hurt when any attempt to move his head and the victim could speak very unintelligible and barely audible. Sometimes the plug was written in Latin – “I surrender”
Terrible instrument of torture: a man seated on his horse, where instead of saddle – zaostrrennaya piece of iron. The feet of cargo tied and dragged down … lronburg crashed into the flesh, bringing uzhastnuyu pain.
“A barrel of Shame ’cause psychological trauma a person who was supposed to wear it. Bottom of the barrel could be opened and closed. The second type is completely immobilized and sacrifice … is not going away excrement thereof. so punishing alcoholics, bringing them trouble on the universal condemnation and ridicule. Then it was a shame, a terrible reputation.